STEM Education in Thailand
Missed! A Thai student cries in dismay as the projectile from the catapult that he and his team are working on fails to hit the target. He is just one of over 75 middle school students from Samut Prakarn using a disjointed assortment of materials to build a catapult capable of launching an object accurately enough to hit a target placed three meters away. Students watch each other work and make adjustments to their catapults based on their efforts and those of other teams. All the while, they can hardly believe that this is a science class. But it is. Students are learning science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) at an Innovation Camp under the Thai Teachers TryScience (TTS) Project, being implemented by Kenan Foundation Asia to improve STEM education in Thailand.
While parents and students have come to realize the importance of STEM education in Thailand, they are all too often presented as dull, theory-based disciplines without interesting real-world applications. Recognizing this challenge, Kenan under the Thai TTS Project, recently conducted STEM events in Samut Prakarn and Bangkok to prove to students that STEM is not merely an acronym, but is an integrated learning approach that encourages creative and inquisitive thinking to answer complex problems.
"Hit the Target" is a key activity at the STEM camp, where over 150 middle school kids at two events learned about STEM through project-based learning activities such as building a catapult, which teaches not only hard science skills such as physics and engineering but critical thinking and teamwork skills as well. The activity simulated the scientific process as students developed hypotheses, designed the catapult, and tested it. Like an architect or engineer, the teams observed the tests, analyzed the results, and adjusted their catapults based on their finding, always seeking to improve their catapult's capability. "To achieve the goals, we had to work as a team and try out new ideas," Pongsapak, a ninth-grade student from Bangkok, said of the camp's activities. "The activities gave us the chance to practice our creativity, knowledge, and decision making while showing us the importance of STEM. I wish more students had the opportunity to join this kind of event."
The great challenge for STEM education in Thailand is producing students with strong critical thinking skills, who will then go on to become innovative entrepreneurs, engineers, technicians, or computer programmers. Because Thai schools tend to focus on rote memorization, the system fails to produce enough graduates equipped with the necessary STEM knowledge and critical thinking skills needed by today's workforce. This limited workforce capacity, in turn, hampers the nation's industrial development and overall economic growth.
During STEM Camps, also held in Samut Prakarn and Bangkok, over 50 high school students had an even more challenging time, applying technology to create their own computer applications under the tutelage of IBM corporate volunteers. This required students to utilize their STEM knowledge, as well as computer programming skills in order to address real-world problems. "I decided to develop an application to monitor body heat," said Thanapat, a 12th-grade student from Bangkok's Wat Intharam School. "The application sends the data to a mobile phone or computer, so people can be notified when their body heat is too hot or too cold. This allows people to quickly recognize health issues without time-consuming trips to the doctor." By actively engaging students through exciting, project-based learning activities, the events offered a different approach than the teacher-centered learning that characterizes most classrooms in Thailand.
Thai TTS is more than just fun-filled learning events for students. In addition, Thai TTS supports teachers through professional development training and resource mobilization. Utilizing localized versions of the Teachers TryScience materials, a collection of lesson plans, and instructional videos developed by IBM and the New York Hall of Science, Thai teachers are trained in how to deliver thought-provoking project-based learning activities in their classrooms. To date, Kenan trainers using Thai TTS have built the capacity of 30 master teachers and provided training to 450 teachers from 10 schools in Bangkok and Samut Prakarn. These efforts will ultimately benefit over 2,000 teachers and 45,000 students within the TTS school network.
Building an educational infrastructure capable of producing graduates with strong STEM knowledge and critical thinking skills is a task Kenan is tackling head-on. The TTS network aims to serve as a model that other areas of Thailand can follow to create dynamic learning environments.